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Vehicle and Traffic Law
Consolidated Laws of New York
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Article 40 - NY Vehicle and Traffic Law
REGULATION OF TRAFFIC BY COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS
S 1650. Traffic regulations on county roads. (a) The county
superintendent of highways of a county with respect to county roads in
such county, may by order, rule or regulation:
1. Upon a roadway which is divided into three lanes, allocate the
center lane exclusively for traffic moving in a specified direction.
2. Order signs erected directing slow-moving traffic, trucks, buses or
specified types of vehicles to use a designated lane, or with signs,
signals or markings designate those lanes to be used by traffic moving
in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway.
3. Determine those highways or portions of highways which shall be
marked to indicate where overtaking and passing or driving to the left
of or crossing such markings would be especially hazardous in accordance
with the standards, minimum warrants and sign or marking specifications
established by the department of transportation.
4. Temporarily exclude from any portion of any county road any vehicle
with a gross weight of over four or more tons or any vehicle with a
gross weight in excess of any designated weight on any wheel, axle, any
number of axles, or per inch width of tire when in his opinion such
highway would be materially injured by the operation of any such vehicle
thereon. Such exclusion shall take effect upon the erection of signs on
the section of highway from which such vehicles are excluded, and a
notice that such vehicles are excluded shall be published in a newspaper
in the county where the highway is situated. The exclusion shall remain
in effect until the removal of the signs as directed by the county
superintendent of highways. Upon written application by any operator of
a vehicle subject to this section, the county superintendent of highways
may issue a permit providing appropriate exemption to such vehicle, if
it is deemed that said vehicle is performing essential local pickup or
delivery service and that a failure to grant such permit would create
hardship. Every such permit may designate the route to be traversed and
contain other reasonable restrictions or conditions deemed necessary.
Every such permit shall be carried on the vehicle to which it refers and
shall be open to inspection of any peace officer, acting pursuant to his
special duties, or police officer. Such permits shall be for the
duration of the restriction imposed under this section.
4-a. Exclude trucks, commercial vehicles, tractors, tractor-trailer
combinations, or tractor-trailer-semitrailer combinations in excess of
any designated weight, designated length, designated height, or eight
feet in width, from county highways, except for qualifying or access
highways or set limits on hours of operation of such vehicles. Such
exclusion shall not be construed to prevent the delivery or pickup of
merchandise or other property along the highways from which such
vehicles or combinations are otherwise excluded.
5. Designate a portion of a slope as a path for the use of bicycles.
6. Order signs or markings to identify the portion of the highway to
be used for bicycle travel.
* 7. Designate preferential use lanes for specified types or classes
* NB There are two par 7's
* 7. Declare a snow emergency and designate any highway or portion
thereof as a snow emergency route.
* NB There are two par 7's
(b) Each such county superintendent of highways shall cause to be
determined, for all bridges and elevated structures under his
jurisdiction, the capacity in tons of two thousand pounds which the
bridge or structure will safely carry. At bridges or structures of
insufficient strength to carry safely the legal loads permissible by
section three hundred eighty-five of this chapter, the county
superintendent of highways shall cause signs to be erected to inform
persons of the safe capacity.
(c) Each such county superintendent of highways shall cause signs to
be erected to inform persons of the legal overhead clearance for all
bridges, and elevated structures on highways under his jurisdiction.
The legal clearance shall be one foot less than the measured clearance.
The measured clearance shall be the minimum height to the bridge or
structure measured vertically from the traveled portion of the roadway.
On bridges or structures having fourteen feet or more of measured
clearance, no such signs shall be required.
d. The legislative body of any county with respect to county roads in
such county, may by local law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation,
provide for the removal and storage of vehicles parked or abandoned on
highways during snowstorms, floods, fire or other public emergencies, or
found unattended where they constitute an obstruction to traffic or any
place where stopping, standing or parking is prohibited, and for the
payment of reasonable charges for such removal and storage by the owner
or operator of any such vehicle.
(e) The legislative body of any county with respect to county roads in
such county, may by local law or ordinance prohibit vehicles engaged in
retail sales of frozen desserts as that term is defined in subdivision
thirty-seven of section three hundred seventy-five of this chapter
directly to pedestrians from stopping for the purpose of such sales on
any such road or on all such roads. Nothing herein shall be construed to
prohibit the operator of such vehicle from stopping such vehicle off of
such road, in a safe manner, for the sole purpose of delivering such
retail product directly to the residence of a consumer or to the
business address of a customer of such retailer.
S 1651. Traffic regulations on county roads outside of cities and
villages. The county superintendent of highways of a county may by
order, rule or regulation designate county roads in such county outside
of cities and villages as through highways and order traffic signals,
stop signs, flashing signals or yield signs erected on county roads or
town highways at specified entrances to such through highways or
designate any intersection of a county road with another county road or
with a town highway as a stop intersection or a yield intersection and
order like signs or signals at one or more entrances to such
S 1652. Special speed limits on bridges and other elevated structures.
The county superintendent of highways of a county may determine the
maximum speed which may be maintained without structural damage to
bridges and elevated structures that are a part of any county road in
such county and, if such maximum speed is lower than the maximum speed
limit otherwise applicable, may by order, rule or regulation establish
such lower maximum speed limit at which vehicles may proceed on such
bridge or structure.
S 1652-a. Traffic signs, signals and marking on highways, roads and
streets. The county superintendent of highways of a county, except the
county of Suffolk, having a functioning traffic engineering unit may,
when authorized by the county governing board, have the responsibility
and authority for the installation, removal and maintenance of traffic
signs, signals and markings on, and provide traffic engineering services
in relation to any highway, road or street within a city, town or
village within such county, except state highways maintained by the
state, providing the governing body of the city, town or village
consents thereto by written agreement with the county governing board as
to the extent of the authority and responsibility of the county
superintendent of highways and any apportionment of costs for the
installation, removal and maintenance of the signs, signals and markings
and traffic engineering services. The power granted to the county
superintendent of highways by this section shall in no way diminish any
power over roads granted to counties or county highway superintendents
but shall be in addition to any such powers.
S 1652-b. Supervision and installation of traffic devices in Suffolk
county. The county superintendent of highways of Suffolk county may,
when authorized by the Suffolk county governing board, erect and
maintain traffic signs, signals and markings on, and provide traffic
engineering services in relation to any highway, road or street within a
town or village within such county, except state highways maintained by
the state, providing the governing body of the town or village having
jurisdiction over such highway, road or street determines on the basis
of an engineering and traffic investigation that such traffic signs,
signals and markings are necessary, issues any necessary ordinance,
order, rule or regulation with respect thereto, consents to the erection
and maintenance of such traffic signs, signals and markings by the
county and consents thereto by written agreement with the Suffolk county
governing board as to the extent of the authority and responsibility of
the county superintendent of highways of Suffolk county and any
apportionment of costs for the erection and maintenance of signs,
signals and markings and traffic engineering services. The power granted
to the Suffolk county superintendent of highways by this section shall
in no way diminish any power over roads granted to him by law but shall
be in addition to any such powers.
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